The core of Saint-Paul de Vence between the year 1000 and the beginning of the 12th century was the Plateau du Puy, where the cemetery now stands. Dwellings had probably been set up around the church of Saint Michel, which played a religious role obviously, but was also where the community's representatives would gather to take major decisions. The current chapel probably dates from the 16th century.
Famous people buried in Saint-Paul de Vence's cemetery include Marc Chagall, who lived in the village from 1966 to 1985. For almost 20 years, he painted local landscapes featuring romantic couples, goats and cockerels floating across the village and its ramparts, in the fragrance of immense bouquets of flowers.
Aimé and Marguerite Maeght repose alongside their son, Bernard, who died at the age of 11.